Horn in ensemble:

This gallery is probably the most useful for those attempting to re-create historic playing techniques. These images depict horn players performing in a variety of musical settings including full orchestral concerts, military ensembles, and smaller chamber groups. Through these representations of the instruments being played, one can obtain a great deal of data that better informs our perspectives on period performance techniques.

 

 

 

Horn player portraits:

This gallery contains various portraits of historical horn players. In addition to the virtuosi themselves, these paintings often include detailed depictions of instruments, mouthpieces, and music. The desire for an accurate representation of an individual’s likeness led to a higher emphasis on the quality and detail of the image painted. This makes it easier to identify certain aspects of the equipment in use by some of the most important and well known horn players of the time. 

 

The horn as an instrument:

Included in this gallery are pictorial representations of the instruments themselves. These pictures are less informative than the ensemble or portrait collections, but they are not entirely without use. Even a pair of horns hanging in the background of an otherwise unrelated picture can offer useful information. One prime example of this is the predominance of fixed pitch horns without tuning slides represented. These horns appear so frequently and at such late dates that one must re-evaluate the assumption that the more convenient crooked orchestral horns were universally accepted and in use after their invention.

 

 

The horn in the hunt:

The final gallery features graphic depictions of the horn in use in the hunt. It is not clear exactly when the horn broke away from its use as a signal device for hunters. At some point the instrument’s structure and playing technique were altered (whether before or after its inclusion into musical ensembles). The horn’s ancestry and legacy are, however, undeniable. The artwork here displays another branch of the horn’s “family tree” and documents the aristocratic hunt that gave birth to the instrument.